Landscape-Scale Conservation
A community game scout walks across the land toward zebras and wildebeest.
Erika Piñeros/African People & Wildlife
Community scout walking toward a herd of zebra

Where We Work


Tanzania is one of the world’s greatest centers of large mammal biodiversity.

Today, human population growth, unplanned development, agricultural expansion, human-wildlife conflict, and climate change threaten the future of the region. African People & Wildlife works to protect endangered wildlife and empower rural communities across six critical landscapes – and we continue to expand.

Our Conservation Landscapes

Maasai Steppe

The Maasai Steppe is a vast landscape stretching from the Usambara mountains to the Great Rift Valley. We focus on the vibrant community rangelands to the east and southeast of Tarangire National Park, including the Simanjiro plains. These lands are home to Maasai pastoralists and an extraordinary diversity of endangered or vulnerable species including elephant, lion, cheetah, leopard, wild dog, fringe-eared oryx, and giraffe as well as a host of other large mammals including buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, gerenuk and eland.

Warriors sitting on a high point above the Maasai Steppe in Tanzania

Lake Burunge-Manyara

Nestled against the astonishing Great Rift valley escarpment, the Lake Burunge-Manyara landscape represents a critical corridor for key wildlife species moving between Tarangire National Park and Lake Manyara National Park. In this landscape, we focus on the community rangelands extending between the two national parks and Manyara Ranch as well as the Burunge Wildlife Management Area. Throughout these lands, conflict between people, livestock, and lions is extensive.

Lake Burunge with a giraffe

Engaruka Valley

Connecting the Lake Burunge-Manyara and Maasai Steppe landscapes to Lake Natron, this beautiful valley winds past Oldonyo Lengai, or the Mountain of God. Wise rangeland conservation in this valley is critical for dispersing wildebeest, zebra, and other wildlife species as well as Maasai pastoralists who depend on access to mobility for the survival of their livestock.

Zebra walking across the open plains

Greater Lake Natron

The Greater Lake Natron landscape stretches along the border with Kenya and is in the Gregory Rift, the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley. Declared an International Ramsar wetland site for its biodiversity, the Lake Natron basin is the sole known breeding grounds of the East African Lesser Flamingo. Our efforts in this landscape focus on the communal rangelands to the east of the lake, including the Natron Wildlife Management Area where extremely arid conditions require wise rangeland management for people and wildlife alike.

Flamingos at Lake Natron

West Kilimanjaro

The West Kilimanjaro landscape connects the slopes of Africa’s tallest mountain to the world-famous Amboseli National Park in Kenya. The beautiful savannahs in this area provide forage for the Maasai’s livestock as well as passage for the world famous Amboseli elephants and hunting grounds for large carnivores. In this landscape, we work with communities in and around the Enduimet Wildlife Management Area, a community-run conservation area.

Women moving cows through a Living Wall with Mt. Kilimanjaro in the background

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is one of Tanzania’s most famous protected areas where people and wildlife coexist. Designated as a World Heritage Site, it spans approximately 8,300 square kilometers. The area is most known for its caldera where approximately 25,000 large mammals abound and where Maasai pastoralists historically descended to water their cattle. Our efforts focus on the community rangelands bordering the caldera and extending towards the Serengeti plains where livestock, wildebeest, and other species frequently intermix.

Rhino in the Ngorongoro landscape
Maasai mother and child in Tanzania

Our Work Has Never Been More Urgent

Every gift – large or small – makes a powerful impact.


Noloholo Environmental Center

Noloholo is a first-class conservation and education facility with a beautiful campus that also serves as the regional headquarters for APW.

Noloholo Environmental Center at night

Northern Tanzania Big Cats Conservation Initiative

APW helps to preserve some of Tanzania’s most threatened big cat populations.

Pair of lion cubs in the grass

Wildlife Conservation and Coexistence

We reduce human-wildlife conflict, involve local people in conservation, and increase tolerance for coexistence.

Giraffe walking across the open savanna